All About Organ Donation

Types of Organ Donations : Living Organ Donation, After Death Organ Donation

In India, there are over 1,50,000 people currently in need of kidney transplants. The wait-list for patients with heart and liver failure is growing year after years. Thousands of people die while waiting for transplant, because no suitable donor can be found for them. The need for organ donors has never been greater. It can be hard to think about what’s going to happen to your body after you die. But being an organ donor is a generous and worthwhile decision that can be a life saver for someone.

Changed Lifestyle mainly in cities will create more demand of Deceased Donors’ Organs is coming future. While we see nowadays that many youngsters are prone to eat Chinese Food in which Ajinomoto- a sort of salt is a main ingredient. Why Ajinomoto is more dangerous is a different subject but the point to be considered here is- any product which uses more salt is leading you towards the fetal state. All the processed / bottled / packaged food contains either of sugar or salt or preservatives in higher quantity in order to make it last longer. More consumption of it will make is more prone to the Blood Pressure and Diabetics. These Two Deceases are known to further generate other deceases- mainly Heart and Kidney Problems.

Living Organ Donation

A Living donor can donate One Kidney and Part of Liver / Lung / Intestine / Pancreas. Donor can live normal life with One Kidney or Part of the said organs thereafter with proper care as per the advice of doctors

After Death Organ Donation

After Natural (Cardiac) Death

Vital Organs : No Vital Organs can be useful for therapeutic purpose.

Tissues : 2 Eyes (Corneas), Skin, Bones, Blood Vessels, Heart Valves

The family members and relatives take a decision to donate organs of the deceased person. It has been a general practice to call it an Organ Donation, but actually it is a Tissue Donation ‘after natural death’. Not Organs, but Only Tissues like Cornea (Eyes), Skin, Bones, Heart Valves, and Blood Vessels are retrieved in case of Natural or Cardiac Death. The procedure is to be completed within maximum of 6 hours after death for eyes, and within 10 hours for skin

After Brain Death

Vital Organs : Heart, Liver, Lungs, 2 Kidneys, Intestine, Pancreas.

Tissues : 2 Eyes (Corneas), Skin, Bones, Blood Vessels

The actual Organ donation is possible if it is a Brain Death of a patient. Brain Death is declared in ICU only. There are specific rules for declaring of Brain Death. Brain Death is a situation where there is no scope of a person getting life again because of death of brain. But since the heart is still beating- Liver, Heart, Lungs, 2 Kidneys, 2 Eyes (Cornea), Bones, Pancreas, Intestine and Tendons (a flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue attaching a muscle to a bone) can be retrieved in ICU before Heart stops beating. These vital organs of a naturally dead person are not useful for transplant. So, the Organ Donation of a Brain Dead person has much importance, since Organs plus Tissues can be useful for transplantation. This types of transplant is called Cadaver Transplant or Deceased Donor Transplant.

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