Faq

There are many variations of passages of Lorem
Ipsum available, but the majorityhave suffered alteration in some form, Learn more

Organ donation is a noble act which gives us an opportunity to save many lives after our death / after the death of our relative.
The donated organs are transplanted into patients who are suffering from End Stage Organ Failure.

Numbers of patients suffer from end stage diseases of various organs, for whom organ donation is the only Ray of Hope.

Organ Donation can be well defined as a donation of healthy organs from a living, deceased or brain dead person to a patient who is under severe discomfort or batting for life due to organ failure.

In short, One dead / brain dead person can save few others from death.

Around 3 lakh Indians are dying every year while on the waiting for Organ Transplant. Close to half a million Indians die failing to get organs on time. We can help save these lives if we get sufficient numbers of organs donated, especially deceased donations.

Human organ transplantation is a surgical procedure by which the healthy organ from a living or dead person is implanted into a patient who is suffering from end-stage-organ-failure. This is an established surgical treatment available for the needy patients.

A living person can donate limited organs. Single Kidney, Part of Lever, Part of Lung, Part of Intestine, Part of Pancreas cab be donated to close relative. The law permits donation of these organs from a living person ONLY TO a close family member

Both the vital organs and Tissues- Heart, Liver, Two Kidneys, Pancreas, Intestine, Lungs, Bones, Hand, Eyes (Cornea) and Skin can be retrieved from a ‘Brain Dead’ person, and used for transplant/s. However, in the case of natural / cardiac death, not organs, but only tissues like Cornea (Eyes), Skin, Bones, Heart Valves, and Blood Vessels are useful for transplantation.

Meaning of Cadaver Transplant and Deceased Donor Transplant is same. Deceased Donor Transplant is a latest term used instead of Cadaver Transplant. It is to avoid the word Cadaver which means Dead Body. You can take example – We use the term ‘Special Children’ instead of ‘Handicapped Children’.

SWAP is a Living Donation (Exchange) of Organs between Two families. Imagine there are Two families- A and B from Family No.1, and C and D from Family No. 2. A gives organ to D, and C gives organ to B. There are Two donors and Two recipients from each family. A and C are donors from respective family. B and D are beneficiaries from respective family.

Dominos Transplant is a Living Donation (Exchange) of Organs between More than Two families.
In a Domino Transplant, you receive an organ in exchange from a living donor of other family. It is advised in rare cases after thorough investigations.

After being ready with the minimum required investigation reports, and Photo ID, patient needs to get registered only through the listed hospitals for Cadaver Transplant (now-a-days called as Deceased Donor Transplant). Zonal or State Level Transplant Co-ordinators receives the list from registered hospitals (which are authorized to conduct transplant operation), and distributes the organs received from the deceased donors. It is important to know that the patients cannot get registered directly with the Transplant Centers.

A Transplant Co-ordinator is available in every listed hospital.

A follow-up with the same hospital after every Three Months or as prescribed by the attending docotrs is necessary. It is important mainly for the other medical tests to be carried out in order to be ready if the matching organ is made available.

Transplant Co-ordination Centers maintain the list of patients waiting for transplant operations, and distributes the Organs in highly transparent way according to Priority Scores. The Priority Score is given to each patient as per the lawful guidelines taking into consideration the Age, Blood Group, Waiting Period, Urgency, Physical Distance to reach to the hospital in stipulated time, etc.

Brain stem is a vital portion of the brain that is continuous downwards with the spinal cord and comprises the medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain, and parts of the hypothalamus. Its functions are control of reflexes and autonomic functions as heart beats, respiration, blood pressure, alertness, and arousal. It also relays information between upper part of the brain (Cerebral Cortex) and spinal cord. It mainly manages the involuntary functions

Irreversible loss of consciousness, Irreversible loss of respiration and irreparably damaged brain stem is called as Death of a person according to modern science. Once the heart stops beating, the blood circulation within the body is stopped. Blood supply to brain also stops. Within 4 to 6 minutes of not getting blood supply, the nerves and tissues of brain starts to die, and the total body functions come to rest never to reverse again.

Any individual with an irreparably damaged Brain Stem- an important part of the central nervous system, is declared brain dead. Brain dead individuals cannot regain their consciousness and are not able to breathe on their own as brain stem has the centre for both. Brain death is the situation in which the other organs can continue to remain active on external support even after total loss of brain function. The heart can continue to function on a ventilator and other support for a maximum of 36 to 72 Hrs. As the blood supply to organs can be maintained for few hours, it is during this period, that the organs can be retrieved after obtaining consent from the close relatives. Brain Death can occur only in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in hospital.

Brain death is declared by the Brain Death Committee which involves team of Four doctors recognized by the Government, who are ‘not involved in performing the transplant surgery’. The team has to perform the Brain Stem Death Tests twice at the gap of minimum 6 hours. Brain death is declared in the Hospitals recognized for Transplantation or at Organ Retrieval Centres. The Brain Death Certificate is then issued to the relatives.

No. Consciousness of a Brain Dead Individual cannot be revived or regained. There is no question of survival of the brain dead individual. The number of tests done by the experts leave no possible doubts about the diagnosis of brain death.

Deceased donor’' brain stem isn't working, but vital organs still function. S/he will pee, maintain body temperature, and wounds will continue to heal. However, s/he will not feel pain because the brain is dead.

No. Organs are never taken at the cost of donor’s life. Brain Death is declared by special team of doctors appointed by Government.

No. There is a difference between Comatose Patients and Brain Dead Individuals. The comatose patients are not dead, whereas brain death is the stage beyond coma where there is no chance of the individual regaining life. Only brain dead individual is declared as dead. Comatose patients are not declared as dead.

Yes. As brain death can occur only in ICU, the organ donor necessarily dies in ICU of the hospital. As per the law, brain death has to be declared only by a special committee of govt. appointed doctors. A death occurred at home cannot be therefore treated as brain death, and therefore the vital organs cannot be retrieved. (However in such case, it can be treated as natural death and tissues like Cornea (Eyes) and Skin can be retrieved.)

Yes. The Human Organ Transplantation Act was passed in 1994 which mainly covers 3 areas.
Firstly, it recognizes Brain Stem Death and Cardiac Death.
Secondly, it regulates removal, storage and transplantation of organ for Therapeutic Purposes.
Thirdly, it prevents commercial dealings in human organs. No human organ can be bought or sold.

Yes. The body is given back to the relatives to perform the Last Rites after the retrieval of organs. The organs are retrieved only for Therapeutic Purposes.

No. If the whole body is donated, it is used for Medical Education Purpose, and it is given to the Anatomy Department of the medical college for Research and Education of medical students.

No, Bank Team will come to the deceased donor’s home / hospital / morgue wherever the body is kept. Donor Family does not need to shift the body to operating room or hospital.

Whole Body Donation and Organs / Tissues Donation are two different things. The purpose / uses of these Two are different. Once the vital organs and tissues are retrieved for therapeutic purpose, the body does not remain useful for medical education purpose. It is given back to relatives for funeral.

Yes. It may happen in Two Cases. One is, if the close relatives of the donor has objection. Second is, if the organs have infection that can be passed on to the recipient. It means, actual organ donation depends upon the Consent of the Close Relatives, and Health of the Organs at the time of Retrieval.

If the death occurs at home and the family wishes to donate organs, the very first thing is to inform Eye bank at the earliest. Put a pillow below the head of the deceased to avoid blood flow above neck. Close the Eyelid, put wet cotton or cloth upon the closed eyes, and ‘switch off’ the fan over the deceased body so as to protect cornea from drying. However, ‘Switch On’ the Air Conditioner if the room has AC.

In case of Whole Body Donation, the family need to see that the deceased body reaches the hospital morgue within 6 hours of death.

No. The family of the deceased donor need not have to bear any kind of expense/s of retrieving and transporting the organ/s. The nearby team of trained doctors will come to that house or hospital, where the deceased donor body is kept. The expenses of retrieving the organs are borne by the concerned hospital or bank.

In case of Whole Body Donation, the family has to take the body of the deceased donor to the listed hospital at their cost. The body should reach the hospital within 6 hours of death. If any relative wishes to have Antyadarshan after the body is donated, the one has to go to the mortuary or morgue where the cadaver is kept upto certain time with the permission of attending doctors.

The organs are given to the most needy and suitable patients as per the Priority Criteria like Age, Blood Group, Waiting Period, Clinical Status of the Recipients etc. Government has set up guidelines to give the Priority Score transparently to all the Waiting Recipients. Money, Race, Religion or any such thing do not influence the Criteria of Priority amongst Waiting List.

No. The name/s and address/es of the recipient/s is/are not given to the donor family and vice versa, as per the law. It is to avoid the possible emotional turmoil. It is also to keep Sanctity / Holiness of the Organ Donation.

No. The organs are removed carefully by expert and trained doctors.
In case of Eyes donation, what is taken out is Cornea only, and not an eye. The face looks as same as normal. No blood strains or cut is seen.
In case of Skin donation, what is taken out is not a whole skin, but skin tissues. Our skin is made of multiple layers, and only a transparent thin membrane like layer is retrieved. That too ‘ONLY’ from Back, Legs and Thighs of a donor. The area is then properly bandaged and no bleeding occurs after skin harvesting. Therefore there is no disfigurement on open area like face of the body.
In case of other vital organs, a small cut is as visible as it is after any surgery. But any kind of disfigurement is certainly not there. The uncovered area like face remains normal.
Anyhow, the body of a deceased person is covered fully except face. Since face is not disfigured after any of the organ retrieval or tissue, one should not bother about the cuts of vital organs retrieval.

The Organs cannot be removed in case the Post Mortem is required. Post Mortem may consume such a time that Organ Donation will not be possible. However, if the Post Mortem is completed within 6 hours of death, Eyes retrieval is possible, and within10 hours Skin retrieval is possible, if doctors permit according to condition of body. While this becomes a Medico-Legal Case, Police NOC (Form No……) is required to be obtained in stipulation time.

No. It is a pure donation and Holy Gift, hence it becomes a noble act. Moreover, the donor family is not charged for the investigations after the consent for organ donation.

Typically when a person suffers a cardiac death, the heart stops beating. The vital organs quickly become unusable for transplantation. But their tissues- such as Bone, Skin, Heart Valves and Corneas – can be harvested within the first 24 hours of death.

No. It is a pure donation and Holy Gift, hence it becomes a noble act. Moreover, the donor family is not charged for the investigations after the consent for organ donation.

Yes. All the religions in India consider it as a noble act. Excerpts / Extracts from PPT from ZTCC to be incorporated here.

Typically when a person suffers a cardiac death, the heart stops beating. The vital organs quickly become unusable for transplantation. But their tissues- such as Bone, Skin, Heart Valves and Corneas – can be harvested within the first 24 hours of death

Yes. All religions accept Organ Donations and Transplants
According to Hindu Region :
Lord Ganesh speaks it all. It is said to be first ever Transplant. A head of an elephant is transplanted upon the human body.
According to Christian Religion :
Saints Cosmos and Damian replace a patient's leg with one cut from a cadaver. This is the first description of a new concept: the body of a dead person can help a living person.
On June 20,1991, Pope John Paul delivered an Address at the Vatican to the participants of the First Inter-national Congress of the society for Organ Sharing. He supported organ transplantation and quoted Jesus: ‘‘Give, and it will be given to you; good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over ,will be put on your lap”(Luke6:38)
According to Muslim religion :
Islamic Code of Medical Ethics , Kuwait Document,1981: The donation of body fluids or organs ,such as blood transfusion to the bleeding or a kidney transplant to the patient with bilateral irreparable renal damage is “Fardh Kifaya”, a duty that donors fulfill on behalf of society

Download the Consent Form from the following Link and post us at the address after duly filled in and signed with your Photograph.
Donation Form
You can also fill the consent forms at any Awaraness Camps or Seminars. You wlll get the Organ Donor Card by post or in person. You need to sign the Organ Donor Card, and keep it ALWAYS with you. Keep it laminated in your pocket. It is important mainly because cardiac death or accidental death can occur any time anywhere. Also share your ‘Wish to Donate Organs’ with your close relatives and friends as their consent is required before retrieving the organs (even if the donor has signed a Donor Card).
You can download Speciman Donor Card from the following link : Donation Form


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